Creation of the Scientific Center “Pahtasanoat ilmy Markazi” is closely intertwined with the history of the cotton industry, one of the most ancient and traditional for Uzbekistan. Today, thanks to the attention of the President and the Government, technical re-equipment program, scientific and personnel potentsialu- industry has reached the current level and occupies an important role in the business climate of the country. Over the years the staff of the Scientific Center has made a significant contribution to the development of the domestic branch of the science of engineering and the primary processing of cotton technology. With the direct participation of scientists, experts, designers have been created, tested and delivered to ginneries almost all domestic equipment. And in the distant twenties of the last century in Turkestan it functioned only 35 ginneries of 296 existed until 2017. For the construction of new plants is not enough money, and for repairing old – had no spares. At that time, only the United States has been a major supplier to the ginning factories, but trade relations with them have been violated. The lack of currency in the required quantities and hampered the revival of the industry. It was important to find a way out using internal resources. And it was found. In August 1926 VII All-union Cotton Meeting in Moscow decided to convert the backup Tashkent plant №50 «Uzbekhlopka” (he suffered less than others during the revolution) in the first Experienced gin with the functions of a scientific institution of national importance.
In 1927, in addition to the experimental ginneries, he earned the first machine-building factory, focuses on the production of equipment for cotton plants. In the period 1926-1936’s team of experienced specialists of the plant carries out extensive work in the field of mechanical engineering and domestic cotton ginning industry. During this period, at the Experimental cotton plants begin to conduct research to improve the performance of existing equipment cotton by optimizing the speed limits machines; develop recommendations for making the series first domestic gins and linters, and replace the screw on hydraulic presses. In 1928 it was first developed and began to be implemented in the pneumatic system ginneries cotton supply, which was a prerequisite for the further mechanization of labor-intensive processes and replace manual feeding of raw cotton on a pneumatic. This was the beginning of gaining the technical independence of the country and equipping phase ginneries domestic equipment. In the tenth year of existence experienced gin was converted into the first and only country in the Central Research Institute of the cotton industry – TsNIIHprom. The volume of work has increased significantly. In the period of 1936-1940 years are the first domestic instruments for laboratory analysis, carried out scientific research on the grading and classification of seed cotton and cotton fiber. In 1941-1945 he conducted a search for substitutes scarce materials and restoration of worn parts to the equipment, developed ways to use low-grade fuel for diesel engines cotton plants, etc. In the years 1946-1950 the Uzbek government approved TsNIIHproma project for the comprehensive mechanization of labor-intensive processes at all ginneries with the introduction of automatic feeding of cotton in the pneumatic system, and the mechanization of packing bags, loading bales in cars. In the period from 1951 to 1954 the Institute is improved almost all the existing and developing new cotton equipment – are brushless linters, screw cleaner 6A-12, cleaner brand CU-1, the first belt conveyors and screw the packing machines, embedded, single chamber gin capacity up to 12 kg of fiber drank 1 / hour. Since 1955, the Institute began to develop mechanisms for receiving and buntovaniya cotton. During this period are PL feeders and belt conveyors for bulk cotton acceptance. For projects TsNIIHprma designers GSKB for ginning designed two drying units 2 and SBS SKHN-3 seed cotton cleaners 3M-frequency response, AECB-10 and other equipment, which later became widespread in the industry. In the years 1956-1965 appear entirely new machine design for mechanization and processing of raw cotton collection machine; introduced instruments to assess quality parameters of cotton products. In 1968, in view of the widespread introduction of new domestic equipment first developed a single regulated process of cotton processing, streamline the organization of the recycling process. Since the crop harvesting season 1969 at the ginneries and procurement centers in bulk transport of raw cotton and the new order begins to penetrate his acceptance of the use of new devices: PL feeders, belt conveyors TLC-18 parser riots, etc. The result of these projects was the first time the possibility of release across the industry for more than 10 thousand people and accelerate the pace of acceptance of cotton. In 1977 TsNIIHpromu 50 years. Due to the high scientific and technical potential and staff of highly qualified specialists Institute was a major scientific center of the country, which included workshops functioned Experimental (EPMM) in Tashkent Experienced gin g.Narimanovo, Tashkent region branch in Kirovabad (Azerbaijan). At that time, the Institute worked more than 900 people, 230 of which were scientific staff, 50 of them had a PhD. For the anniversary the institute was the owner of more than 150 active patents. In the early 80-ies in the industry are beginning to get used to the first production lines PLPH, the authorship of which belonged to develop a united team of the Scientific Center, GSKB for ginning and “Uzhlopkomash” plant. At the same time continue to be tested battery voloknoochistiteli, humidifiers, operational mechanized warehouses, storage hoppers, the machine for the formation of the riots, digging tunnels, heat, etc. In the early 90-ies created samples of an experimental equipment which are prototypes of the art of the 2000s. In 1991-2012gg. Research Center participated in modernization of almost all the cotton plants, the construction of 31 specialized workshop on the preparation of sowing cotton seeds. Rearmament industry made with the implementation of effective and patented technical solutions. A significant contribution to the development of industrial science, scientists have made the following practitioners and specialists: N.Nuraliev, N.B.Sorkin, G.A.Kirillov, P.V.Baydyuk, S.P.Ivanov, A.A.Kassirsky, S. N.Nusratov, L.I.Kabanov, H.A.Karimov, A.I.Krygin, V.M.Golovin, E.B.Malkov, G.D.Kushnarenko, V.M.Belitsky, HK Davydbaev, R.M.Kattahodzhaev, G.A.Tihomirov, U.H.Azizhodzhaev, S.A.Saidahmedov, S.U.Saidhanov, MS Urmanov, E.T.Maksudov, MF Arkhipov, I.K.Hafizov, V.V.Dyachkov, E, A.Muratov, E.F.Budin, R.P.Nikitin, A.M.Gulyaev, Z.H.Kasymov, A.G.Shaydullin, A.A.Muratov, A.H.Tillyahodzhaev, K.S.Sabirov, A.A.Ahmedov, V.E.Ustyugin, V.G.Rakipov, A.K.Kalimulin, V.G.Leybovich, PA N.Borodin, Rasulov, NC Kamalov and many others.
Science Center “Pahtasanoat ilmy Markazi” today – a modern scientific research and experimental production base, which allows to solve problems in the field of research, design, development and testing of equipment for processing of raw cotton and preparation of sowing seeds. Science Centre carries out training of specialists cotton ginning industry, the development of normative and technical, methodical documentation and implements other activities in order to improve primary processing of cotton technology. Potential Research Center, accumulated over many years of existence, is able in the future to ensure the preservation of the leading position in this field of research.